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**MATH 302 Final Exam – Question and Answers**

Part 1 of 16

- The data presented in the table below resulted from an experiment in which seeds of 5 different types were planted and the number of seeds that germinated within 5 weeks after planting was recorded for each seed type. At the .01 level of significance, is the proportion of seeds that germinate dependent on the seed type?
- The chi-square goodness-of-fit test can be used to test for:
- In choosing the “best-fitting” line through a set of points in linear regression, we choose the one with the:
- An agent for a residential real estate company in a large city would like to be able to predict the monthly rental cost of apartments based on the size of the apartment. Data for a sample of 25 apartments in a particular neighborhood are provided in the worksheet Apartments in the Excel workbook Apartments.xlsx.
- A single variable X can explain a large percentage of the variation in some other variable Y when the two variables are:

Part 3 of 16

- Serum ferritin is used in diagnosing iron deficiency. In a study conducted recently researchers discovered that in a sample of 28 elderly men the sample standard deviation of serum ferritin was 52.6 mg/L. For 26 younger men the sample standard deviation was 84.2 mg/L. At the .01 level of significance, do these data support the conclusion that the ferritin distribution in elderly men has a smaller variance than in younger men?
- An investor wants to compare the risks associated with two different stocks. One way to measure the risk of a given stock is to measure the variation in the stock’s daily price changes.

Part 4 of 16

- Results from previous studies showed 79% of all high school seniors from a certain city plan to attend college after graduation. A random sample of 200 high school seniors from this city reveals that 162 plan to attend college. Does this indicate that the percentage has increased from that of previous studies? Test at the 5% level of significance.
- The form of the alternative hypothesis can be:
- The null and alternative hypotheses divide all possibilities into:

Part 5 of 16

- At a large department store, the average number of years of employment for a cashier is 5.7 with a standard deviation of 1.8 years. If the number of years of employment at this department store is normally distributed, what is the probability that a cashier selected at random has worked at the store for over 10 years?
- In a study of elephants a researcher wishes to determine the average weight of a certain subspecies of elephants. From previous studies, the standard deviation of the weights of elephants in this subspecies is known to be 1500 pounds. How many elephants does the researcher need to weigh so that he can be 80% confident that the average weight of elephants in his sample is within 350 pounds of the true average weight for this subspecies?

Part 6 of 16

- The theorem that states that the sampling distribution of the sample mean is approximately normal when the sample size n is reasonably large is known as the:

Part 7 of 16

- Suppose that 50 identical batteries are being tested. After 8 hours of continuous use, assume that a given battery is still operating with a probability of 0.70 and has failed with a probability of 0.30. What is the probability that fewer than 25 batteries will last at least 8 hours?

Part 8 of 16

- In a genetics experiment 5 flowers out of 8 were bicolor, and the rest were solid color. If 3 of the flowers are selected at random without replacement, what is the probability that all 3 are bicolor?

Part 9 of 16

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker. Complex numbers should be in the form (a + bi) where “a” and “b” need to have explicitly stated values. For example: {1+1i} is valid whereas {1+i} is not. {0+9i} is valid whereas {9i} is not.

**Part 10 of 16**

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker. Complex numbers should be in the form (a + bi) where “a” and “b” need to have explicitly stated values. For example: {1+1i} is valid whereas {1+i} is not. {0+9i} is valid whereas {9i} is not.

**Part 11 of 16**

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker. Complex numbers should be in the form (a + bi) where “a” and “b” need to have explicitly stated values. For example: {1+1i} is valid whereas {1+i} is not. {0+9i} is valid whereas {9i} is not.

**Part 12 of 16**

Part 13 of 16

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker. Complex numbers should be in the form (a + bi) where “a” and “b” need to have explicitly stated values.

Part 14 of 16

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker.

Part 15 of 16

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker.

Part 16 of 16

- Accepted characters: numbers, decimal point markers (period or comma), sign indicators (-), spaces (e.g., as thousands separator, 5 000), “E” or “e” (used in scientific notation). NOTE: For scientific notation, a period MUST be used as the decimal point marker. Complex numbers should be in the form (a + bi) where “a” and “b” need to have explicitly stated values. For example: {1+1i} is valid whereas {1+i} is not. {0+9i} is valid whereas {9i} is not. Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a very visible group whose main focus is to educate the public about the harm caused by drunk drivers. A study was recently done that emphasized the problem we all face with drinking and driving. Five hundred accidents that occurred on a Saturday night were analyzed. Two items noted were the number of vehicles involved and whether alcohol played a role in the accident. The numbers are shown below: