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**MATH 302 Quiz 4 with Answers**

Part 1 of 3

- If a teacher is trying to prove that a new method of teaching economics is more effective than a traditional one, he/she will conduct a:
- In an article appearing in Today’s Health a writer states that the average number of calories in a serving of popcorn is 75. To determine if the average number of calories in a serving of popcorn is different from 75, a nutritionist selected a random sample of 20 servings of popcorn and computed the sample mean number of calories per serving to be 78 with a sample standard deviation of 7.
- In an article appearing in Today’s Health a writer states that the average number of calories in a serving of popcorn is 75. To determine if the average number of calories in a serving of popcorn is different from 75, a nutritionist selected a random sample of 20 servings of popcorn and computed the sample mean number of calories per serving to be 78 with a sample standard deviation of 7.
- Which of the following statements are true of the null and alternative hypotheses?
- Which of the following values is not typically used for ?
- A lab technician is tested for her consistency by taking multiple measurements of cholesterol levels from the same blood sample. The target accuracy is a variance in measurements of 1.2 or less. If the lab technician takes 16 measurements and the variance of the measurements in the sample is 2.2, does this provide enough evidence to reject the claim that the lab technician’s accuracy is within the target accuracy?
- Suppose that the meantime for a certain car to go from 0 to 60 miles per hour was 7.7 seconds. Suppose that you want to test the claim that the average time to accelerate from 0 to 60 miles per hour is longer than 7.7 seconds. What would you use for the alternative hypothesis?
- A lab technician is tested for her consistency by taking multiple measurements of cholesterol levels from the same blood sample. The target accuracy is a variance in measurements of 1.2 or less. If the lab technician takes 16 measurements and the variance of the measurements in the sample is 2.2, does this provide enough evidence to reject the claim that the lab technician’s accuracy is within the target accuracy?
- A lab technician is tested for her consistency by taking multiple measurements of cholesterol levels from the same blood sample. The target accuracy is a variance in measurements of 1.2 or less. If the lab technician takes 16 measurements and the variance of the measurements in the sample is 2.2, does this provide enough evidence to reject the claim that the lab technician’s accuracy is within the target accuracy?
- Results from previous studies showed 79% of all high school seniors from a certain city plan to attend college after graduation. A random sample of 200 high school seniors from this city reveals that 162 plan to attend college. Does this indicate that the percentage has increased from that of previous studies? Test at the 5% level of significance.
- A null hypothesis can only be rejected at the 5% significance level if and only if:

Part 2 of 3

- The ABC battery company claims that their batteries last at least 100 hours, on average. Your experience with their batteries has been somewhat different, so you decide to conduct a test to see if the company’s claim is true. You believe that the mean life is actually less than the 100 hours the company claims. You decide to collect data on the average battery life (in hours) of a random sample of n = 20 batteries. Some of the information related to the hypothesis test is presented below.
- A medical doctor wishes to test the claim that the standard deviation of the systolic blood pressure of deep sea divers is greater than 450. To do so, she selected a random sample of 25 divers and found s = 468. Assuming that the systolic blood pressures of deep sea divers are normally distributed, the doctor would perform a chi-square test to test her research hypothesis. In that case, what is the test value that she would computer. Place your answer, rounded to 3 decimal places, in the blank. For example, 34.567 would be a legitimate entry. 42.980

- The ABC battery company claims that their batteries last 100 hours, on average. You decide to conduct a test to see if the company’s claim is true. You believe that the mean life may be different from the 100 hours the company claims. You decide to collect data on the average battery life (in hours) of a random sample of n = 20 batteries. Some of the information related to the hypothesis test is presented below.
- A survey determines that mint chocolate chip is the favorite ice cream flavor of 6% of consumers. An ice cream shop determines that of 190 customers, 15 customers stated their preference for mint chocolate chip. Find the P-value that would be used to determine if the percentage of customers who prefer mint chocolate chip ice has increased at a 5% level of significance.
- A firm that produces light bulbs claims that their lightbulbs last 1500 hours, on average. You wonder if the average might differ from the 1500 hours that the firm claims. To explore this possibility you take a random sample of n = 25 light bulbs purchased from this firm and record the lifetime (in hours) of each bulb. You then conduct an appopriate test of hypothesis. Some of the information related to the hypothesis test is presented below.
- At a university, the average cost of books per student has been $550 per student per semester. The Dean of Students believes that the costs are increasing and that the average is now greater than $550. He surveys a sample of 40 students and finds that for the most recent semester their average cost was $630 with a standard deviation of $120. What is the test value for this hypothesis test?

Part 3 of 3 –

- A one-tailed alternative is one that is supported by evidence in either direction.
- Sample evidence is statistically significant at the level only if the p-value is larger than.
- Using the confidence interval when conducting a two-tailed test for the population mean, we do not reject the null hypothesis if the hypothesized value for falls between the lower and upper confidence limits.