NURS 6512N Week 8 Quiz with Answers (35/35)

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NURS 6512N Week 8 Quiz (35 out of 35)

  1. A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as:
  2. Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal hypertension?
  3. A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.
  4. A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:
  5. The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?
  6. For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning?
  7. A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
  8. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
  9. A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
  10. Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
  11. Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because:
  12. Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
  13. A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?
  14. The most common disorder associated with upper GI bleeding is:
  15. A 2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:
  16. The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
  17. When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepatic excretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient?
  18. Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
  19. Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:
  20. A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
  21. The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
  22. Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
  23. A 22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Following surgery, he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n) _____ ulcer.
  24. Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.
  25. Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
  26. Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n):
  27. The cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are:
  28. A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
  29. A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mild jaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
  30. The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
  31. A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:
  32. A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as:
  33. The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?
  34. Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:
  35. A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by: