PSYC 2001 Week 1 Test
- At the turn of the twentieth century, the American sociologist Fredrick Turner (1920) argued that while facing the challenges of the frontier, Americans as conquerors and builders developed both
- A(n) is a strategy for problem-solving that reduces complex information and time-consuming tasks to more simple, rapid, and efficient judgmental operations, particularly in reaching decisions under conditions of uncertainty.
- Cultures based largely on modern beliefs, rules, symbols, and principles; relatively open to other cultures; absorbing and dynamic; science based, technology driven, and relatively tolerant to social innovations are referred to as .
- While traveling in a foreign country, you are approached by a group of strangers and have to quickly surmise their intentions. You will likely use a set of simple mental shortcuts to accomplish this task. These shortcuts are called .
- Any systematic error in attribution that derives from people’s efforts to satisfy their own personal needs, such as the desire for approval by others, high self-esteem, power, or prestige, is called .
- The term for when we make systematic errors in thinking or information processing, typically due to highly vivid but rare events:
- De-Barnumize the following statement: “Canadians are sensitive to criticism.”
- The view that supports judgment about other ethnic, national, or cultural groups and events from the observer’s own ethnic, national, or cultural group’s outlook is called
- The term is used to describe cultures based largely on beliefs, rules, symbols, and principles established predominantly in the past; confined in local or regional boundaries; and restricting and mostly intolerant to social innovations.
- The propensity to resolve discrepancies between pre-existing schemas and new information in the direction of assimilation rather than accommodation (even when the information is distorted) is called .