PSY 304 Week 1 Discussion 1, Theories of Development
Option A: Each theory of development contributes a unique perspective to our overall understanding of human development. Choose and examine a theory of human development and describe it in your own words. Compare this theory to at least one other theory, taking into account developmental issues such as nature versus nurture, stability versus change, and continuity versus discontinuity.
Option B: After examining the research presented in the required resources, choose and examine a theory of human development. Then, identify at least one aspect of the selected theory that has been criticized. On what evidence is this criticism based?
PSY 304 Week 1 Discussion 2, The Brain and Sleep
Option A: The brain goes through many changes as we age. Select and examine a developmental phase (infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age) and describe the status of the brain at the selected phase. How may this shape behavior?
Option B: Sleep patterns change as we age. Select and examine a developmental phase (infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age) and provide a description of the sleep patterns at the selected phase. How does your selected phase compare to those of other developmental phases?
PSY 304 Week 2 Discussion 1, Cognition Development Across the Lifespan
Option A: Piaget’s theory on cognitive development has contributed a unique perspective to our understanding of how children think, reason, and solve problems. Examine and identify the main tenets of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development (i.e., schema, assimilation, and accommodation) describing them in your own words.
Examine the cognitive factors Piaget presents in relation to human development. Briefly identify and describe his stages of cognitive development by illustrating the cognitive tasks that infants, children, or young adults are capable (or not capable) of performing.
Alternatively, instead of describing the stages, you may create a chart in which the abilities that define cognitive development in Piaget’s theory are plotted against the age at which they are acquired. Identify at least one aspect of Piaget’s theory that has been criticized and mention the evidence upon which this criticism is based.
Option B: Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development has contributed a unique perspective to our understanding of how children think, reason, and solve problems. Examine and identify the main tenets of Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development (i.e., zone of proximal development, scaffolding, relationship between language and thought) describing them in your own words. In addition, you will need to examine the cognitive factors Piaget presents in relation to human development. Briefly identify and discuss Vygotsky’s view of cognitive development by illustrating the cognitive tasks that infants, children, or young adults are capable (or not capable) of performing. Identify at least one aspect of Vygotsky’s theory that has been criticized, and mention the evidence upon which this criticism is based.
PSY 304 Week 2 Discussion 2, Information Processing Across the Lifespan
Before completing this DQ, be sure to review Chapter 5 of your text and the Remembering and Forgetting video. You may also be interested in the article “On Major Developments in Preschoolers’ Imagination,” from the recommended resources. After examining the research in human development presented in your required resources, complete the following DQ:
Information processing in the human mind/brain changes as we age. Identify and examine an aspect of the cognitive factor of human development. Choose an ability (i.e., memory, attention, or thinking) and describe how the selected ability changes from infancy to old age. Describe at least one disorder that may affect the selected ability and its typical time of occurrence across the lifespan. Explain the known causes of the disorder by citing the available scientific evidence.
PSY 304 Week 3 Discussion 1, Intelligence and Its Controversies
Before completing this DQ, be sure to review Chapters 6 and 7 of your text as well as the Environmental and Genetic Influence on Intelligence and Multiple Intelligence videos. You may also awnt to review the “Brain Based Learning and its Relation with Multiple Intelligence”, “Intelligence: Foundations and Issues in Assessment”, and “Rising Scores on Intelligence Test”, articles from the recommended resources, After examining the research in human development presented in your required resources, complete the following DQ:
The definition of intelligence is controversial. Briefly contrast different views of intelligence, making sure you take into account the content of at least one of the videos. Discuss one of the controversies that surround the definition of intelligence, the measurement of intelligence, or the sources of individual differences.
PSY 304 Week 3 Discussion 2, Language Development
Before completing this DQ, review Chapter 6 in your text. After examining the research in human development, please complete the following DQ:
Language is a complex communication system that changes as we age. Identify and examine a developmental stage (i.e., infancy, early childhood, middle and late childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age). Describing the language skills at your selected phase. Describe how biological and environmental factors influences and shape the skills of the selected developmental stage.
PSY 304 Week 4 Discussion 1, The Nature of Love
Psychologists have developed many theories that attempt to capture how love grows, including the nature of attachment. Watch the brief video illustrating Harry Harlow’s studies on contact comfort and examine the emotional domain of human development (specifically, emotional attachment), and discuss individual differences in attachment. Your initial post should contain the following:
- Explain why individual differences in attachment matter. What are their known sources?
- Describe the influences that family, or lack thereof, and environment have on the development of infants.
- Discuss the extent to which individual differences in attachment may be linked to care giving style.
- Discuss the extent to which individual differences in attachment may be linked to infants’ temperament.
PSY 304 Week 4 Discussion 2, Gender and Sexuality
Ideas and perceptions of gender and sexuality are strongly dependent on cultural factors and influences. Define gender and sexuality. What is the difference between the two? Describe the influences of culture on these aspects of human development.
In addition, examine how stereotypes and other cultural factors influence our perception of acceptable expressions of gender and sexuality. Give examples illustrating how a particular expression of gender or sexuality may be acceptable in one culture and unacceptable in another. Predict how the expression or repression of a person’s gender and/or sexuality may influence the person’s interpersonal development.
PSY 304 Week 5 Discussion 1, Styles of Parenting
Baumrind (1971) identified different styles of parenting. Examine a parenting style and define it according to the dimensions of responsiveness and acceptance. Discuss the outcomes of the parenting style you selected with respect to child and adult development. How are the outcomes of the parenting style you selected similar or different from those of another parenting style?
PSY 304 Week 5 Discussion 2, Suicide Among Teens
- Discuss whether the available statistics accurately represent the evidence (e.g., can these statistics under report the actual rates?).
- Describe at least two potential causes of suicide among teens according to the scientific literature.
- Examine at least one feasible solution to the issue of suicide and discuss its effectiveness