NURS 6521N-49 Final Exam Summer 2021 (100 out of 100)

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NURS-6521N-49-Advanced Pharmacology– 2021-Summer-QTR-Term-wks-1-thru-11

Exam – Week 11

  1. LIsa , age 25, has just been placed on Minocycline. The NP should tell this pt to:
  2. When a NP chooses a benzodiazepine to treat anxiety the prescriber needs to be aware of the possibility of dependence. The Benzodiazepine associated with the greatest likelihood of causing rapid dependence is:
  3. When prescribing Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors such as sildenafil, the patient should be screened for use of?
  4. A patient who is at risk for DVT tells the NP she has just learned she is pregnant. The NP should expect that this patient will use which of the following anticoagulant medications?
  5. A 30-year-old woman who is in the first trimester of pregnancy has presented to her primary care provider with a 4-day history of a reddened, itchy left eye that is crusted with purulent exudate. The clinician suspects a bacterial, rather than viral, etiology. How will the patient’s pregnancy affect the potential use of ciprofloxacin to treat her conjunctivitis?
  6. A Nurse Practitioner is going to administer medication to an infant using a medicine dropper. The best method is to open the child’s mouth by gently squeezing the cheeks and placing the drops
  7. During ongoing assessment of a patient receiving 5-FU therapy, the nurse finds the patient’s platelet count to be 92,000 cells/mm3. The nurse should do which of the following?
  8. A patient is to begin taking tobramycin (Nebcin) for a nosocomial infection. Which of the following assessments should the nurse prioritize?
  9. Which of the following oral agents has the most rapid analgesic onset?
  10. A woman who is in the second trimester of her first pregnancy has been experiencing frequent headaches and has sought advice from her nurse practitioner about safe treatment options. What analgesic can the nurse most safely recommend?
  11. A patient asks the nurse practitioner about food sources such as soybeans and soy products. The nurse practitioner understands that these foods are considered
  12. A patient has been admitted to the critical care unit with a diagnosis of peritonitis that has necessitated treatment with gentamicin. As a result, the care team should be cautious when concurrently administering other medications that may cause
  13. A Nurse Practitioner is working with a 16-year-old pregnant teen and assessing for behavior that may put the baby at risk. The most important assessment the nurse can make is
  14. A woman has a Chlamydia infection. Before initiating treatment with a tetracycline antibiotic, the NP should :
  15. A Nurse Practitioner will instruct a patient taking allopurinol to take each dose
  16. A 45-year-old female patient is prescribed ciprofloxacin to treat a bronchial infection. A nursing assessment revealed that she started taking daily vitamin supplements about 2 years ago. To maximize the therapeutic effects of the ciprofloxacin therapy, the nurse should advise the patient to
  17. The NP is considering a medication to treat Ms. Robert’s Urinary Tract Infection. The NP knows that Trimethoprim sulfamethazole (Bactrim) Is contra indicated in which of the
  18. Monitoring of male patients are using phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors includes which of the following?
  19. A contraindication to the use of combined contraceptives is:
  20. A Nurse Practitioner is working with a 57-year-old man who is a former intravenous drug abuser. He has been prescribed a weekly dosage of methotrexate for his rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following will the nurse include in her teaching plan for this patient?
  21. Women who are prescribed progestin-only contraception need education regarding which common adverse drug effect?
  22. A nurse practitioner has administered filgrastim to a diverse group of patients in recent months. Which of the following patients should the nurse observe for extremely elevated white blood cell counts following administration of the drug?
  23. Ms. Carter, a 48 year old female was placed on an aminoglycoside. The NP knows that an adverse reaction to aminoglycosides is?
  24. A patient is taking etoposide for a testicular tumor refractory to treatment. The nursing assessment reveals that he is also taking warfarin. The nurse must carefully monitor for which of the following?
  25. A patient has been admitted to the critical care unit of the hospital with bacterial septicemia that has failed to respond to initial antibiotic treatment. The patient’s most recent blood cultures reveal the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the patient’s blood. The nurse will anticipate that this patient will likely require intravenous administration of what antibiotic?
  26. Which test should the NP order for monitoring effectiveness of the patient receiving heparin?
  27. What is the best initial treatment plan for aslepdis order in the older adult patient?
  28. An immunocompromised patient with a diagnosis of candidiasis has failed to respond to conservative therapy and has consequently begun treatment with amphotericin B. The nurse is aware that this drug achieves a therapeutic effect by way of its influence on
  29. A 19-year-old patient reports to a clinic with vaginal discharge with a foul odor. A microscopic exam reveals trichomonas vaginalis. The nurse practitioner is aware that
  30. A patient has completed 4 weeks of treatment with epoetin alfa. Which of the following assessment findings would most strongly indicate that treatment has been effective?
  31. Some drugs are given to patients using other routes such as sublingual or topical to avoid movement through the liver and possible side effects. Which of the following effects is the Nurse Practitioner attempting to avoid by administering certain medications via alternative routes?
  32. The recommended treatment for trichomoniasis is
  33. The nurse practitioner orders Amoxicillin 500 mg tid? What is the total amount of medication patient will take per day?
  34. A patient is receiving long-term clindamycin therapy for a life-threatening infection. The nurse will begin by monitoring this drug therapy by obtaining
  35. Drugs have a valid medical use but a high potential for abuse, both psychological and physiologic. In an emergency, a Schedule 2 drug may be prescribed by telephone if a written prescription cannot be provided at the time. However, a written prescription must be provided within 72 hours with the words authorization for emergency dispensing written on the prescription. These prescriptions cannot be refilled. A new prescription must be written each time. Examples include certain amphetamines and
  36. All of the following systemic drugs interfere with metabolism of oral contraceptives except
  37. A Nurse Practitioner is aware that the concept of selective toxicity is foundational to antimicrobial therapy. Which of the following statements most accurately describes selective toxicity?
  38. Which Of the following pharmacologic agents can be used to treat nicotine dependence/ smoking cessation?
  39. A 51-year-old female patient has been receiving doxorubicin (Adriamycin) for metastatic breast cancer. Her medical record indicates she has cardiomyopathy and a cumulative dose of 300 mg/m2 of doxorubicin. Which of the following measures would help limit the severity of the cardiomyopathy in this patient?
  40. Black cohosh is an herb that is commonly used for
  41. Morphine has been prescribed for a 28-year-old man with severe pain due to a back injury. The nurse will advise the patient to avoid
  42. Terazosin (Hytrin) is classified under which of the following drug class:
  43. Tetracyclines are contraindicated in children younger than eight years old because of?
  44. A Nurse Practitioner has completed a medication reconciliation of a patient who has been admitted following a motor vehicle accident. Among the many drugs that the patient has received in the previous year is rituximab. The nurse would be justified in suspecting the patient may have received treatment for which of the following diseases?
  45. A 33-year-old man has developed acute gouty arthritis. He has been prescribed colchicine. When developing a care plan for this patient, which factor will be most important for the nurse to consider?
  46. A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a 64-year-old female patient who is receiving IV heparin and reports bleeding from her gums. The nurse checks the patient’s laboratory test results and finds that she has a very high aPTT. The nurse anticipates that which of the following drugs may be ordered?
  47. A patient with bipolar disorder is on divalproexsodium (Depakote)formania.Whatest(s) would the family nurse practitioner monitor?
  48. The first line drug choice for a previously healthy adult patient who has been diagnosed with community acquired pneumonia would be
  49. A patient is taking rifampin (Rifadin) for active TB. When discussing this drug with the patient, the nurse should stress that
  50. A patient is receiving cefazolin in combination with anticoagulants. To minimize the adverse effects during therapy, the nurse will
  51. The NP recognizes that these medications are useful when taken during early symptoms of a migraine.
  52. A Nurse Practitioner who provides care on a pediatric medicine unit has conducted a medication reconciliation of a recently-admitted patient. In light of the fact that the child takes methylphenidate (Ritalin), the nurse is justified in considering a history of what health problem?
  53. A 21-year-old has been placed on risperidone. Monitoring for risperidone includes
  54. The clinical nurse educator who oversees the emergency department in a children’s hospital has launched an awareness program aimed at reducing drug errors. What measure addresses the most common cause of incorrect doses in the care of infants and children?
  55. The NP student knows that which statement below accurately describes the activity of naloxone?
  56. A pregnant patient asks the Nurse Practitioner what over-the-counter medication she can take for recurring headaches. The nurse should recommend
  57. The anticoagulant drug that acts as a vitamin K antagonist is:
  58. An oncology nurse is reviewing the pathophysiology of cancer and is discussing with a colleague the factors that contribute to the success or failure of a patient’s chemotherapy. Which of the following cancerous cells is most susceptible to the effects of chemotherapeutic drugs?
  59. A 60-year-old patient experienced a sudden onset of chest pain and shortness of breath and was subsequently diagnosed with a pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. The patient has been started on an intravenous heparin infusion. How does this drug achieve therapeutic effect?
  60. A Nurse Practitioner will monitor which of the following when assigned to a patient taking allopurinol for chronic gout who visits the clinic every 2 months?
  61. JC is a 13 year old female to be seen in your clinic today. You review JC’s medication and realize that which medication is a potential risk of growth suppression in prepubescent children?
  62. A patient has acquired primary hypogonadism and has been prescribed testosterone transdermal (Androderm) patches. When educating the patient on how to administer the drug, the nurse will instruct him to
  63. A 13-year-old female took a weight loss drug that activated the sympathetic nervous system. Which of the following assessment findings would the nurse expect?
  64. The nurse practitioner, Jill, is deciding what medication to put her patient on. She recognizes that the mechanism of action of triptans is as:
  65. A patient has been prescribed oral tetracycline. The nurse will instruct the patient to take the drug
  66. A 6-month-old child has developed skin irritation due to an allergic reaction. He has been prescribed a topical skin ointment. The nurse will consider which of the following before administering the drug?
  67. Cindy has been on Citalopram (Lexapro) For a year and is willing to try tapering off of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. What is the initial dosage adjustment when tapering off antidepressants
  68. A Nurse Practitioner who provides care on a pediatric unit of a hospital is aware that the potential for harm as a result of drug errors is higher among infants and children than adults. This fact is primarily due to
  69. Gold compounds are contraindicated in patients with a lof the folowing conditions except:
  70. A 36-year-old woman with a history of dysmenorrhea has begun treatment with progesterone, which she will be receiving by the intramuscular route. The nurse participating in the woman’s care should prioritize which of the following potential nursing diagnoses?
  71. Which of the following medication classes should be avoided and men with BPH
  72. A Nurse Practitioner is instructing a 19-year-old female patient on the use of fluconazole for candida vaginitis. A teaching priority will be to
  73. A 5-year-old boy needs an IM injection. The least painful and most effective injection site would be the
  74. A Nurse Practitioner is performing patient education for a woman who has just been prescribed a bisphosphonate. Which of the following diagnostic and history findings would have prompted the woman’s care provider to prescribe a bisphosphonate?
  75. The nurse practitioner has prescribe delementaliron6mg/kg/dayinthre divided doses for a toddler diagnosed with iron-deficiencyanemia. What instructions would the family nurse practitioner include for theparents?
  76. Donald is a nurse practitioner student. He recognizes Which option below could be a secondary use for an anxiolytic medication?
  77. Jennifer, the Nurse Practitioner, is seeing Mr. Johns, a 65 year old male in the clinic today with c/o Arthritis pain. What is a serious side effect of ibuprofen use in the older adult patient?
  78. Ms. Lewis Is in 74-year-old female who presents to your clinic for routine visit today. You review her medical record and notice she is prescribed aspirin therapy. You provide patient education regarding the signs of aspirin toxicity. An early sign of aspirin toxicity is:
  79. What schedule drug is alprazolam?
  80. When planning care for a patient who is receiving filgrastim (Neupogen) for a nonmyeloid malignancy, the nurse should formulate which of the following patient outcomes? (Select all that apply.)
  81. A male patient is experiencing climacteric symptoms secondary to androgen deficiency. His physician has prescribed testosterone. The nursing assessment reveals that the patient has had a myocardial infarction. The combination of testosterone therapy and a history of myocardial infarction would place that patient at a significantly higher risk of
  82. A 35-year-old woman is on a weight-loss program and is to begin taking sibutramine (Meridia). After baseline physical data are obtained, the nurse will assess the patient’s childbearing potential. The nurse will inform the patient that during sibutramine therapy she should
  83. A patient is taking flavoxate hydrochloride (Urispas) to help control an overactive bladder. On a follow-up visit to the clinic, the nurse will question the patient about which of the following?
  84. The Nurse Practitioner has established peripheral IV access and begun an infusion of magnesium sulfate on a 29-year-old antepartum patient who is 35 weeks pregnant. Which of the following assessment findings most likely prompted the patient’s physician to order magnesium sulfate for this patient?
  85. A quinolone used to treat a urinary tract infection would be contraindicated in :
  86. Mr. Samuels has been prescribed olanzapine (Zyprexa). The NP know that he should be monitored for:
  87. Which of the following drugs is most likely to cause sexual dysfunction and males?
  88. The NP is teaching a patient about TMP/SMX before prescribing it to treat a UTI. Which statement by the patient indicates a need for further teaching?
  89. A woman is receiving magnesium sulfate for intrapartum eclampsia. The patient is perspiring and her blood pressure is 88/50. The serum magnesium level is 10 mg/dL. The nurse will interpret these manifestations as
  90. The laboratory monitoring required when a patient is on a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor is?
  91. Which of the following is a true statement about aspirin and its action on platelets
  92. Mr. Lepp is a 63-year-old man who was diagnosed with colon cancer several weeks ago and who is scheduled to begin chemotherapy. He reports to the nurse that he read about the need for erythropoietin in an online forum for cancer patients and wants to explore the use of epoetin alfa with his oncologist. Which of the following facts should underlie the nurse’s response to Mr. Lepp?
  93. A patient with AIDS has developed a number of secondary infections in recent weeks, including Kaposi’s sarcoma. As a result of this most recent diagnosis, his care team has opted to begin treatment with interferon alfa-2a. The nurse is aware that this drug will address the etiology of Kaposi sarcoma by
  94. A male patient is receiving heparin by continuous intravenous infusion. The nurse will instruct the patient and family members to report which of the following should it occur?
  95. Laboratory testing has confirmed that a patient has chloroquine-resistant malaria and the patient’s physician has prescribed quinine along with an adjunctive drug. The nurse should question the physician’s order if the patient has a history of
  96. A Nurse Practitioner educator who coordinates the staff education on an oncology unit is conducting an inservice on targeted therapies. What potential benefit of targeted therapies should the nurse highlight in this education session?
  97. A Nurse Practitioner is having difficulty administering a bitter drug to a 5-year-old child. The nurse should
  98. A man is prescribed ciprofloxacin to treat a sexually transmitted infection. The nurse will instruct the patient to
  99. A 46-year-old man is receiving a quinupristin/dalfopristin IV infusion for a life-threatening infection. Which of the following would be most important for the nurse to monitor?
  100. A 72-year-old patient is prescribed ophthalmic ciprofloxacin for a bacterial infection in her right eye. The nurse will teach her to observe for which of the following adverse effects of the drug?