NURS 6501N Week 10 Quiz – Question and Answers (40/40 Points)

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NURS 6501N Week 10 Quiz with Answers

  1. A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond?
  2. A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:
  3. On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.
  4. A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:
  5. A 19-year-old female was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which she sustained a closed head injury. She is now experiencing detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Which of the following is the most beneficial medication treatment?
  6. A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease?
  7. A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition?
  8. A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by:
  9. A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:
  10. While planning care for a patient who has acute pyelonephritis. A nurse recalls the most common condition associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis is:
  11. A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience?
  12. When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion.
  13. A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
  14. If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor?
  15. A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse knows the tumors are found in the:
  16. A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:
  17. A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor?
  18. When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:
  19. A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
  20. A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur?
  21. A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for:
  22. A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease?
  23. When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn?
  24. When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because:
  25. A 25-year-old female presents with burning urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely infecting her urinary tract?
  26. Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed glomerulonephritis?
  27. A 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most likely to occur?
  28. When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:
  29. Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of:
  30. A 35-year-old female was severely burned and is hospitalized. She is now suffering from acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
  31. A urologist is discussing a structure that supplies blood to the medulla. What is the urologist describing?
  32. A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:
  33. A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting:
  34. The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons.
  35. A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing?
  36. A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse?
  37. A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
  38. When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal:
  39. When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:
  40. A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: