NURS 6501N – NURS 6501D- NURS 6501C Week 8 Quiz Answers

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NURS 6501N – NURS-6501D-2/NURS-6501C-2 Week 8 Quiz Advanced Pathophysiology

  1. Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:
  2. A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
  3. A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as:
  4. The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
  5. Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.
  6. The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?
  7. Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
  8. Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
  9. A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?
  10. Manifestations associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liver disease are the result of:
  11. A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:
  12. A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
  13. The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
  14. A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:
  15. Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal hypertension?
  16. A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:
  17. A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.
  18. A 1-week-old female is brought to her pediatrician for abdominal distention and unstable temperature. Physical examination reveals bradycardia and apnea. Tests reveal hypoxic injury to the bowel resulting in bacterial invasion and perforation. This condition is referred to as:
  19. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
  20. For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning?
  21. A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:
  22. Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
  23. Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
  24. Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:
  25. An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:
  26. A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
  27. In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by: nurs 6501n week 8
  28. A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
  29. Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because:
  30. The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
  31. A 2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:
  32. Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n): nurs 6501n week 8
  33. The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?
  34. Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
  35. A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has?