NUR 2063 Essentials of Pathophysiology Exam 1 Rasmussen




NUR 2063 Exam 1 Review

  1. Which of the following assessment findings indicates an alteration in homeostatic control mechanisms?
  2. Injury that occurs when blood flow is diminished to tissue is called injury.
  3. The cancer growth continuum is divided into which of the following stages?
  4. The activities of the cell are directed by which cell structure?
  5. Enzymes that use oxidation to convert food materials into energy are found in sausage- shaped structures called:
  6. A patient presents with hyponatremia. What is the priority assessment for the patient?
  7. What is the priority assessment for a patient with a potassium imbalance?
  8. A patient presents with hypomagnesemia, what would the nurse anticipate the calcium levels would be?
  9. A patient presents with hypercalcemia. What would the nurse anticipate the phosphorous levels would be?
  10. The nurse is teaching a patient who has recently given birth about immunity that has been passed to the baby in utero. Which statement by the patient indicates that additional teaching is needed?
  11. In preparing a community teaching program, which information presented by the nurse addresses a type of secondary cancer prevention?
  12. A 2-day post-op heart transplant patient begins to have fever and signs and symptoms of heart failure. The patient is more than likely experiencing which of the following?
  13. Which of the following is a complication of chronic stress?
  14. Within minutes after receiving an injection of penicillin, the patient complains of shortness of breath and chest pain. The nurse notifies the patient’s healthcare provider because this patient is most likely experiencing which type of hypersensitivity.
  15. During which of the following stages of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) have the body’s coping methods been completely utilized?
  16. Which of the following is a chemical triggered by the sympathetic nervous system made from the adrenal medulla that is responsible for many of the physiological symptoms of the “fight or flight” response?
  17. What disease state results from an inability to differentiate self from non-self?
  18. Which of the following patients is at the greatest risk for impaired immune function?
  19. The nurse is teaching a community health class about the immune system. The nurse asks the class to list various functions of B cells in immunity. Which responses by students are correct? (Select all that apply.)
  20. Difference between a sign and a symptom
  21. The two types of cells seen during a Type 1 hypersensitivity
  22. Mantoux test
  23. What is the etiology of gout?
  24. A 17-year-old college-bound student receives a vaccine against an organism that causes meningitis. This is an example of
  25. A disorder of unknown cause ? Idiopathic
  26. Which of the following is a statement about disease pathogenesis?
  27. An obese teen is given a prescription for a low-calorie diet and exercise program. This is an example of
  28. When potassium intake is less than potassium output (or when potassium shifts from plasma into cells)
  29. Intake of water and Na is less than output of water and Na
  30. Avoid massive vitamin D supplementation and drink lots of fluids to prevent kidney damage
  31. Besides immunity, what other function does the lymphatic system serve
  32. Compounds released during stress
  33. Which of the following statements about interferon is correct?
  34. Which of the following is associated with specific immunity?
  35. Injecting a vaccine of a dead or weakened pathogen imparts which type of immunity?
  36. Normal potassium levels
  37. What is the purpose of the stress response?
  38. Holds 1/3 of the body’s water
  39. 135-145 mEq/L
  40. Alarm stage of GAS
  41. Which space does fluid enter to cause edema?
  42. Treats hives, pruritis and swelling
  43. Macrophage is a type of white blood cell which is a phagocyte.
  44. Allergies are associated with elevated
  45. What causes edema?
  46. Oncogene is associated with the initiation of cancer
  47. Gout is caused by the following:
  48. Glucocorticoids reduce inflammation by
  49. Wound edges that are approximated signify the wound is infected
  50. Which of these exemplifies habituation?
  51. Ecchymosis means
  52. Purpura means
  53. Tumors “new growth” not all are life-threatening; benign or malignant- Describes
  54. May be Primary Bone Cancer or Metastatic
  55. Shingles is a disorder of herpes zoster and has which of the following clinical manifestations?
  56. Distribution of fluid between interstitial and intracellular compartments occurs by
  57. A patient describes nausea. What is this?
  58. A simple lab test that can measure the level of inflammation in an individual is
  59. The process by which we use hormones in the body to regulate equilibrium when the body changes
  60. Negative feedback
  61. Positive feedback
  62. What the four different parts of homeostasis
  63. What are the levels of prevent?
  64. Mitochondria
  65. Osmosis
  66. What are the fluid compartments?
  67. Sign
  68. Symptom
  69. How is fluid between interstitial and intracellular compartments distributed?
  70. Main complication of sodium imbalance
  71. Main complication of calcium imbalance
  72. How is fluid lost from the body?
  73. How do we lose fluid from the extracellular compartment?
  74. What is a potential and fatal complication of hyponatremia
  75. Priority assessment for a patient with a potassium imbalance.
  76. Symptoms of dehydration
  77. Manifestations of fluid excess
  78. Cause of edema
  79. Extracellular fluid has higher concentration of which electrolytes/substances
  80. The energy currency of a cell and role the mitochondrion plays in this currency
  81. Three electrolytes that are stored in and impact bone and the relationship they have to each other
  82. What happens during the alarm phase of Hans Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome?
  83. What clinical findings would the patient in the fight or flight stage present with?
  84. Signs of inflammation
  85. Type 1 hypersensitivity mediator and its effect on the body
  86. What do histamines do?
  87. A lab test that can measure inflammation
  88. What is metastasis?
  89. Cachexia
  90. What are the properties of cancer cells?
  91. The effects of bone marrow suppression in cancer patients
  92. What are example of benign cells
  93. Steps in carcinogenesis
  94. What are T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes?
  95. What are macrophages?
  96. Where are leukocytes and red blood cells formed
  97. Best way to prevent the spread of infection
  98. What compounds does the body release during stress?
  99. Specific type of white blood cell found with type 1 hypersensitivity
  100. Type 1 hypersensitivity
  101. Type 2 hypersensitivity
  102. Type 3 hypersensitivity
  103. Type 4 hypersensitivity
  104. Apoptosis
  105. Carcinogenesis
  106. Gangrene
  107. Benign cell
  108. Malignant
  109. Cancer complications
  110. General adaptation syndrome
  111. Rheumatoid arthritis
  112. Rheumatoid arthritis clinical manifestation
  113. Conditions which result from excessive immune response
  114. What is atopic dermatitis
  115. What is contact dermatitis
  116. What is psoriatic arthritis
  117. What causes gout
  118. Osteoporosis etiology
  119. The best prevention for Pressure ulcers/injuries is to perform what intervention
  120. Complications of compartment syndrome
  121. The 5 P’s of compartment syndrome
  122. What is muscular dystrophy
  123. What is Fibromyalgia
  124. 1st-degree burn
  125. 2nd-degree burn
  126. 3rd-degree burn
  127. Simple fracture
  128. Transverse Fracture
  129. Oblique fracture
  130. Spiral fracture
  131. Comminuted fracture
  132. Greenstick fracture
  133. Compression fracture
  134. Complete fracture
  135. Incomplete fracture
  136. Open fracture / Compound
  137. Closed fracture
  138. Impacted fracture
  139. Pathologic fracture
  140. Stress fracture
  141. Depressed fracture
  142. Shingles
  143. Scabies
  144. Complications of fractures
  145. IgG
  146. IgM
  147. IgA
  148. IgE
  149. IgD
  150. Complement
  151. Prostaglandins
  152. Etiology
  153. Pathogenesis
  154. Clinical manifestations
  155. Glucose lab value
  156. Sodium lab value
  157. Potassium lab value
  158. Chloride lab value
  159. Calcium lab value