HSCO 502 Exam 2 – Question and Answers




HSCO 502 Exam 2

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE with regard to the onset of menarche?
  2. Which of the following parenting styles is most closely associated with positive outcomes in psychosocial development and school achievement for adolescents?
  3. What does Savin-Williams (2005) argue about the nature of sexual orientation?
  4. The term refers to the description of a person’s attributes, whereas the term refers to how a person feels about those attributes.
  5. For an adolescent engaging in risky behavior (e.g., alcohol use), one strategy that counselors can use is to introduce dissonance into the discussion. Before a counselor can do so effectively, she must
  6. When data are analyzed together from a large number of different studies on the same question, like “are there sex differences in nurturing tendencies,” the report is called a
  7. Beliefs about sex differences sometimes are supported by research and sometimes are not. Which of the following gender stereotypes is not supported by research?
  8. One gender-related characteristic of peer evaluations is that
  9. Sabrina and Bethany are both members of the same crowd in high school, which means that
  10. Video response. Review the video on, page 386 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
  11. Which of the following therapeutic approaches is designed to help children develop their perspective taking and friendship skills?
  12. The ability to restrain or redirect a strong impulse in order to perform a less- preferred response is called
  13. Annette is a warm and affectionate mother to her sons, Jason and Keith. When she comes home from her job, she likes to spend time playing with them, preparing their favorite foods, and watching TV with them. She describes herself as a “soft touch” when it comes to her children. Lately she has been hearing complaints about 6-year-old Jason’s behavior in school. Annette thinks the teacher is being too hard on her son. She does not want anything to affect the good relationship she has with her children. Which style best describes Annette’s parenting?
  14. Which of the following is more typical of boys’ sex-segregated groups than of girls’ sex segregated groups?
  15. Which of the following is true with regard to the way coping styles relate to depression?
  16. The maturing of the corpus callosum by middle childhood is especially important for
  17. Which of the following is a critical element that underlies the development of self-control?
  18. Some research shows that cultural values and goals shape the kinds of discipline that parents use with their children. One example is that Puerto Rican mothers wanted their children to recognize their obligations and connectedness to others; their goals for their children were more than the goals of European American mothers
  19. Which of the following statements is FALSE with respect to the moral self:
  20. Research indicates that sex role development usually proceeds normally in single parent families as well as in the more traditional dual parent families. These findings are not consistent with predictions from what type of theory about how sex differences develop?
  21. Brain developments in the adolescent period include which of the following?
  22. Biological females with two X chromosomes are sometimes born with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which causes their external genitalia to appear more like those of a male. They may be misidentified at birth and raised as males. If the correct identification is not made before age 3, physicians often advise parents to continue raising the child as a boy, because the child’s gender identity may be difficult to change after age 3. The experiences of CAH girls and other gender atypical children have helped demonstrate that
  23. Which of the following elements is most closely associated with the concept of the imaginary audience?
  24. According to Crittendon’s model, infants encode early experiences of care- giving in the form of
  25. Schulman (2002) defines morality as composed of three interlocking systems, including
  26. Which of the following is a temperamental characteristic that is associated with prosocial behavior?
  27. A coping style which has been linked to higher levels of depression among adolescent girls and women is
  28. Which of the following does not
  29. Friendship, according to Selman, requires balancing
  30. Stanley is 7 years old. His parents are quite concerned about his school progress. Although he has begun to learn to read, he reverses some letters when he writes. Based on research, Stanley’s school counselor should tell his parents that
  31. When Marla, age 14, decides that she is a good writer because she gets better grades than her friend Jenna on stories she writes for English, she is demonstrating the use of as part of identity formation.
  32. Which of the following best represents Mead’s contribution to our understanding of self-development?
  33. Which of the following is a difference between working memory and long- term memory?
  34. Self-esteem has been mistakenly touted as the “holy grail” of mental health, and this has meant that
  35. Recent research on the self-system supports the idea that the self is in nature.
  36. Studies show that formal operational thinking is:
  37. Pubertal processes begin when certain changes occur in the endocrine system. Which of the following explains the beginning of this process?
  38. Video response. Review the video on, page 215 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
  39. One factor that promotes self-esteem among minority group members is
  40. A person who perceives neutral events as containing aggressive or threatening meaning is said to possess a
  41. Video response. Review the video on, page 376 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
  42. What is the “two-pronged approach” to helping adolescents with their behavioral, social, or academic problems?
  43. The unique state of instability and anxiety in adolescence, brought on by body changes, emerging sexual needs, hormonal shifts, cognitive changes, and changing maturity demands, is referred to as
  44. Memory is to some degree reconstructed. This accounts for the phenomenon of
  45. At what age would a young child typically show self-recognition, the ability to recognize themselves in a mirror?
  46. Which of the following is a well-documented gender difference in brain structure?
  47. What kind of peer intervention is least likely to be helpful to troubled teens?
  48. Which of the following most accurately reflects Erikson’s view of identity? 50. High levels of parental monitoring and control are associated with which of the following outcomes regardless of ethnicity or social class?