HESI Exit Exam V2 – Question and Answers

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HESI EXIT Exam V2 – Question and Answers

  1. The nurse knows that which statement by the mother indicates that the mother understands safety precautions with her four-month-old infant and her 4-year-old child?
  2. Upon completing the admission documents, the nurse learns that the 87-year-old client does not have an advance directive. What action should the nurse take?
  3. A nurse administers the influenza vaccine to a client in a clinic. Within 15 minutes after the immunization was given, the client complains of itchy and watery eyes, increased anxiety, and difficulty breathing. The nurse expects that the first action in the sequence of care for this client will be to
  4. Which of these children at the site of a disaster at a child daycare center would the triage nurse put in the “treat last” category?
  5. When admitting a client to an acute care facility, an identification bracelet is sent up with the admission form. In the event these do not match, the nurse’s best action is to
  6. The nurse is having difficulty reading the health care provider’s written order that was written right before the shift change. What action should be taken?
  7. An adult client is found to be unresponsive on morning rounds. After checking for responsiveness and calling for help, the next action that should be taken by the nurse is to:
  8. A client has an order for 1000 ml of D5W over an 8 hour period. The nurse discovers that 800 ml has been infused after 4 hours. What is the priority nursing action?
  9. Following the change-of-shift report on an orthopedic unit, which client should the nurse see first?
  10. A nurse observes a family member administer a rectal suppository by having the client lie on the left side for the administration. The family member pushed the suppository until the finger went up to the second knuckle. After 10 minutes the client was told by the family member to turn to the right side and the client did this. What is the appropriate comment for the nurse to make?
  11. A client with a diagnosis of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has died. Which type of precautions is the appropriate type to use when performing postmortem care?
  12. The nurse is reviewing with a client how to collect a clean catch urine specimen. Which sequence is appropriate teaching?
  13. The provider orders Lanoxin (digoxin) 0.125 mg PO and furosomide 40 mg every day. Which of these foods would the nurse reinforce for the client to eat at least daily?
  14. A nurse is stuck in the hand by an exposed needle. What immediate action should the nurse take?
  15. As the nurse observes the student nurse during the administration of a narcotic analgesic IM injection, the nurse notes that the student begins to give the medication without first aspirating. What should the nurse do?
  16. A client with Guillain Barre is in a non-responsive state, yet vital signs are stable and breathing is independent. What should the nurse document to most accurately describe the client’s condition?
  17. A client enters the emergency department unconscious via ambulance from the client’s workplace. What document should be given priority to guide the direction of care for this client?
  18. The charge nurse has a health care team that consists of 1 PN, 1 unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) and 1 PN nursing student. Which assignment should be questioned by the nurse manager?
  19. A mother brings her 3 month-old into the clinic, complaining that the child seems to be spitting up all the time and has a lot of gas. The nurse expects to find which of the following on the initial history and physical assessment?
  20. As the nurse takes a history of a 3-year-old with neuroblastoma, what comments by the parents require follow-up and are consistent with the diagnosis?
  21. A 16-year-old enters the emergency department. The triage nurse identifies that this teenager is legally married and signs the consent form for treatment. What would be the appropriate action by the nurse?
  22. A newly admitted elderly client is severely dehydrated. When planning care for this client, which task is appropriate to assign to unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
  23. The nurse has admitted a 4-year-old with the diagnosis of possible rheumatic fever. Which statement by the parent would cause the nurse to suspect an association with this disease?
  24. A nurse assigned to a manipulative client for 5 days becomes aware of feelings for a reluctance to interact with the client. The next action by the nurse should be to
  25. A client is being treated for paranoid schizophrenia. When the client became loud and boisterous, the nurse immediately placed him in seclusion as a precautionary measure. The client willingly complied. The nurse’s action
  26. A client has been admitted to the Coronary Care Unit with myocardial infarction. Which nursing diagnosis should have priority?
  27. The provisions of the law for the Americans with Disabilities Act require nurse managers to
  28. A 42-year-old male client refuses to take propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal) as prescribed. Which client statement s from the assessment data is likely to explain his non-compliance?
  29. A school-aged child has had a long leg (hip to ankle) synthetic cast applied 4 hours ago. Which statement from the mother indicates that teaching has been inadequate?
  30. Which statement best describes time management strategies applied to the role of a nurse manager?
  31. The pediatric clinic nurse examines a toddler with a tentative diagnosis of neuroblastoma. Findings observed by the nurse that is associated with this problem include which of these?
  32. A 15-year-old client has been placed in a Milwaukee Brace. Which statement from the adolescent indicates the need for additional teaching?
  33. The nurse manager has been using a decentralized block scheduling plan to staff the nursing unit. However, staff have asked for many changes and exceptions to the schedule over the past few months. The manager considers self-scheduling knowing that this method will
  34. A client is admitted to the emergency room following an acute asthma attack. Which of the following assessments would be expected by the nurse?
  35. The nurse manager hears a health care provider loudly criticize one of the staff nurses within the hearing of others. The employee does not respond to the health care provider’s complaints. The nurse manager’s next action should be to
  36. A client is admitted to a voluntary hospital mental health unit due to suicidal ideation. The client has been on the unit for 2 days and now states “I demand to be released now!” The appropriate action is for the nurse to
  37. A client is admitted with infective endocarditis (IE). Which symptom would alert the nurse to a complication of this condition?
  38. A nurse admits a premature infant who has respiratory distress syndrome. In planning care, nursing actions are based on the fact that the most likely cause of this problem stems from the infant’s inability to
  39. An 18 year-old client is admitted to intensive care from the emergency room following a diving accident. The injury is suspected to be at the level of the 2nd cervical vertebrae. The nurse’s priority assessment should be
  40. The nurse is caring for a client who was successfully resuscitated from a pulseless dysrhythmia. Which of the following assessments is CRITICAL for the nurse to include in the plan of care?
  41. The charge nurse on the night shift at an urgent care center has to deal with admitting clients of a higher acuity than usual because of a large fire in the area. Which style of leadership and decision-making would be best in this circumstance?
  42. The nurse admitting a 5 month-old who vomited 9 times in the past 6 hours should observe for signs of which overall imbalance?
  43. Which activity can the RN ask unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to perform?
  44. A child is injured on the school playground and appears to have a fractured leg. The first action the school nurse should take is
  45. When interviewing the parents of a child with asthma, it is most important to gather what information about the child’s environment?
  46. An 80-year-old client admitted with a diagnosis of possible cerebral vascular accident has had a blood pressure from 180/110 to 160/100 over the past 2 hours. The nurse has also noted increased lethargy. Which assessment finding should the nurse report immediately to the health care provider?
  47. A 3 year-old child is brought to the clinic by his grandmother to be seen for “scratching his bottom and wetting the bed at night.” Based on these complaints, the nurse would initially assess for which problem?
  48. A 72 year-old client with osteomyelitis requires a 6 week course of intravenous antibiotics. In planning for home care, what is the most important action by the nurse?
  49. The mother of a child with a neural tube defect asks the nurse what she can do to decrease the chances of having another baby with a neural tube defect. What is the best response by the nurse?
  50. A PN is assigned to care for a newborn with a neural tube defect. Which dressing if applied by the PN would need no further intervention by the charge nurse?
  51. A nurse is providing a parenting class to individuals living in a community of older homes. In discussing formula preparation, which of the following is most important to prevent lead poisoning?
  52. A client is admitted to the rehabilitation unit following a CVA and mild dysphagia. The most appropriate intervention for this client is
  53. The nurse explains an autograft to a client scheduled for excision of a skin tumor. The nurse knows the client understands the procedure when the client says, “I will receive tissue from…
  54. The nurse is caring for a newborn with tracheoesophageal fistula. Which nursing diagnosis is a priority?
  55. A client has been hospitalized after an automobile accident. A full leg cast was applied in the emergency room. The most important reason for the nurse to elevate the casted leg is to
  56. During the initial home visit a nurse is discussing the care of a newly diagnosed client with Alzheimer’s disease with family members. Which of these interventions would be most helpful at this time?
  57. The nurse is teaching a client with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus about the prescribed diet. The nurse should teach the client to
  58. The mother of a 2 month-old baby calls the nurse 2 days after the first DTaP, IPV, Hepatitis B and HIB immunizations. She reports that the baby feels very warm, cries inconsolably for as long as 3 hours, and has had several shaking spells. In addition to referring her to the emergency room, the nurse should document the reaction on the baby’s record and expect which immunization to be most associated to the findings in the infant?
  59. The nurse is teaching a class on HIV prevention. Which of the following should be emphasized as increasing risk?
  60. The charge nurse is planning assignments on a medical unit. Which client should be assigned to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)? A client with
  61. A 6 year-old child is seen for the first time in the clinic. Upon assessment, the nurse finds that the child has deformities of the joints, limbs, and fingers, thinned upper lip, and small teeth with faulty enamel. The mother states: ”My child seems to have problems in learning to count and recognizing basic colors.” Based on this data, the nurse suspects that the child is most likely showing the effects of which problem?
  62. The nurse has performed the initial assessments of 4 clients admitted with an acute episode of asthma. Which assessment finding would cause the nurse to call the health care provider immediately?
  63. The nurse is planning a meal plan that would provide the most iron for a child with anemia. Which dinner menu would be best?
  64. A 10 year-old client is recovering from a splenectomy following a traumatic injury. The clients laboratory results show a hemoglobin of 9 g/dL and a hematocrit of 28 percent. The best approach for the nurse to use is to
  65. The nurse planning care for a 12 year-old child with sickle cell disease in a vasoocclusive crisis of the elbow should include which one of the following as a priority?
  66. As the nurse provides discharge teaching to the parents of a 15 month-old child with Kawasaki disease. The child has received immunoglobulin therapy. Which instruction would be appropriate?
  67. The nurse is giving instructions to the parents of a child with cystic fibrosis. The nurse would emphasize that pancreatic enzymes should be taken
  68. The nurse is assessing an 8 month-old infant with a malfunctioning ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Which one of the following manifestations would the infant be most likely to exhibit?
  69. The nurse is performing a physical assessment on a toddler. Which of the following should be the first action?
  70. A client has been tentatively diagnosed with Graves’ disease (hyperthyroidism). Which of these findings noted on the initial nursing assessment requires quick intervention by the nurse?
  71. Which serum blood findings with diabetic ketoacidosis alerts the nurse that immediate action is required?
  72. The nurse is preparing the teaching plan for a group of parents about risks to toddlers. The nurse plans to explain proper communication in the event of accidental poisoning. The nurse should plan to tell the parents to first state what substance was ingested and then what information should be the priority for the parents to communicate?
  73. A 2 year-old child is brought to the health care provider’s office with a chief complaint of mild diarrhea for 2 days. Nutritional counseling by the nurse should include which statement?
  74. The nurse is teaching an elderly client how to use MDI’s (multi-dose inhalers). The nurse is concerned that the client is unable to coordinate the release of the medication with the inhalation phase. What is the nurse’s best recommendation to improve delivery of the medication?
  75. Which of the following manifestations observed by the school nurse confirms the presence of pediculosis capitis in students?
  76. When parents call the emergency room to report that a toddler has swallowed drain cleaner, the nurse instructs them to call for emergency transport to the hospital. While waiting for an ambulance, the nurse would suggest for the parents to give sips of which substance?
  77. A client is scheduled for an IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram). Which of the following data from the client’s history indicate a potential hazard for this test?
  78. The nurse is preparing a handout on infant feeding to be distributed to families visiting the clinic. Which notation should be included in the teaching materials?
  79. The nurse is caring for a client with sickle cell disease who is scheduled to receive a unit of packed red blood cells. Which of the following is an appropriate action for the nurse when administering the infusion?
  80. A client with a documented pulmonary embolism has the following arterial blood gases: PO2 – 70 mm hg, PCO2 – 32 mm hg, pH – 7.45, SaO2 – 87%, HCO3 – 22. Based on this data, what is the first nursing action?
  81. A client diagnosed with hepatitis C discusses his health history with the admitting nurse. The nurse should recognize which statement by the client as the most important?
  82. A client is recovering from a thyroidectomy. While monitoring the client’s initial post operative condition, which of the following should the nurse report immediately?
  83. A client is admitted with a right upper lobe infiltrate and to rule out tuberculosis. The most appropriate action by the nurse to protect the self would be which of these?
  84. A client had 20 mg of Lasix (furosemide) PO at 10 AM. Which would be essential for the nurse to include at the change of shift report?
  85. The nurse is caring for a client with a colostomy. During a teaching session, the nurse recommends that the pouch be emptied
  86. Lactulose (Chronulac) has been prescribed for a client with advanced liver disease. Which of the following assessments would the nurse use to evaluate the effectiveness of this treatment?
  87. The mother of a 3 month-old infant tells the nurse that she wants to change from formula to whole milk and add cereal and meats to the diet. What should be emphasized as the nurse teaches about infant nutrition?
  88. The nurse is assessing a 55-year-old female client who is scheduled for abdominal surgery. Which of the following information would indicate that the client is at risk for thrombus formation in the post-operative period?
  89. The nurse is planning discharge for a 90 year-old client with musculoskeletal weakness. Which intervention should be included in the plan and would be most effective for the prevention of falls?
  90. An 8-year-old client is admitted to the hospital for surgery. The child’s parent reports the following allergies. Of these allergies which one should all health care personnel be aware of?
  91. The nurse is caring for a client who is post-op following a thoracotomy. The client has 2 chest tubes in place, connected to 1 chest drain. The nursing assessment reveals bubbling in the water seal chamber when the client coughs. What is the most appropriate nursing action?
  92. The nurse is reinforcing teaching to a 24-year-old woman receiving acyclovir (Zovirax) for a Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 infection. Which of these instructions should the nurse give the client?
  93. An 8 year-old child is hospitalized during the edema phase of minimal change nephrotic syndrome. The nurse is assisting in choosing the lunch menu. Which menu is the best choice?
  94. The nurse is teaching parents about accidental poisoning in children. Which point should be emphasized?
  95. Which of the following findings contraindicate the use of haloperidol (Haldol) and warrant withholding the dose?
  96. The nurse is planning care for a 14 year-old client returning from scoliosis corrective surgery. Which of the following actions should receive priority in the plan?
  97. A 3 year-old child diagnosed as having celiac disease attends a day care center. Which of the following would be an appropriate snack?
  98. A client with moderate persistent asthma is admitted for a minor surgical procedure. On admission the peak flow meter is measured at 480 liters/minute. Post-operatively the client is complaining of chest tightness. The peak flow has dropped to 200 liters/minute.What should the nurse do first?
  99. What finding signifies that children have attained the stage of concrete operations (Piaget)?
  100. The nurse is caring for a 17 month-old with acetaminophen poisoning. Which of the following lab reports should the nurse review first?
  101. The nurse is teaching parents about diet for a 4 month-old infant with gastroenteritis and mild dehydration. In addition to oral rehydration fluids, the diet should include
  102. The nurse instructs the client taking dexamethasone (Decadron) to take it with food or milk. What is the physiological basis for this instruction?
  103. The nurse is planning care for a 3 month-old infant immediately postoperative following placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus. The nurse needs to
  104. The mother of a 2 year-old hospitalized child asks the nurse’s advice about the child’s screaming every time the mother gets ready to leave the hospital room. What is the best response by the nurse?
  105. When caring for a client receiving warfarin sodium (Coumadin), which lab test would the nurse monitor to determine therapeutic reponse to the drug?
  106. The nurse is caring for a 4 year-old 2 hours after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Which of the following assessments must be reported immediately?
  107. The nurse admits a 7 year-old to the emergency room after a leg injury. The x-rays show a femur fracture near the epiphysis. The parents ask what will be the outcome of this injury. The appropriate response by the nurse should be which of these statements?
  108. A client receiving chlorpromazine HCL (Thorazine) is in psychiatric home care. During a home visit, the nurse observes the client smacking her lips alternately with grinding her teeth. The nurse recognizes this assessment finding as what?
  109. During the check up of a 2 month-old infant at a well-baby clinic, the mother expresses concern to the nurse because a flat pink birthmark on the baby’s forehead and eyelid has not gone away. What is an appropriate response by the nurse?
  110. A client has returned to the unit following a renal biopsy. Which of the following nursing interventions is appropriate?
  111. A client has been admitted with a fractured femur and has been placed in skeletal traction. Which of the following nursing interventions should receive priority?
  112. The nurse is teaching a client newly diagnosed with asthma how to use the metereddose inhaler (MDI). The client asks when they will know the canister is empty. The best response is
  113. While teaching the family of a child who will take phenytoin (Dilantin) regularly for seizure control, it is most important for the nurse to teach them about which of the following actions?
  114. A 7-month pregnant woman is admitted with complaints of painless vaginal bleeding over several hours. The nurse should prepare the client for an immediate
  115. The nurse is assessing a 17-year-old female client with bulimia. Which of the following laboratory reports would the nurse anticipate?
  116. An 80-year-old client on digitalis (Lanoxin) reports nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and halo vision. Which of the following laboratory results should the nurse analyze first?
  117. The nurse caring for a 9-year-old child with a fractured femur is told that a medication error occurred. The child received twice the ordered dose of morphine an hour ago. Which nursing diagnosis is a priority at this time?
  118. The nurse notes that a 2-year-old child recovering from a tonsillectomy has a temperature of 98.2 degrees Fahrenheit at 8:00 AM. At 10:00 AM the child’s mother reports that the child “feels very warm” to touch. The first action by the nurse should be to 119. The nurse is teaching a newly diagnosed asthma client on how to use a peak flow meter. The nurse explains that this should be used to
  119. The nurse is performing a pre-kindergarten physical on a 5 year old. The last series of vaccines will be administered. What is the preferred site for injection by the nurse?
  120. A couple experienced the loss of a 7 month-old fetus. In planning for discharge, what should the nurse emphasize?
  121. The parents of a 4-year-old hospitalized child tell the nurse, “We are leaving now and will be back at 6 PM.” A few hours later the child asks the nurse when the parents will come again. What is the best response by the nurse?
  122. The nurse is providing instructions for a client with asthma. Which of the following should the client monitor on a daily basis?
  123. Therapeutic nurse-client interaction occurs when the nurse
  124. A 14 month-old child ingested half a bottle of aspirin tablets. Which of the following would the nurse expect to see in the child?
  125. The nurse is caring for a client with a distal tibia fracture. The client has had a closed reduction and application of a toe to groin cast. 36 hours after surgery, the client suddenly becomes confused, short of breath and spikes a temperature of 103 degrees Fahrenheit. The first assessment the nurse should perform is
  126. Which nursing intervention will be most effective in helping a withdrawn client to develop relationship skills?
  127. The nurse is assessing a client with a Stage 2 skin ulcer. Which of the following treatments is most effective to promote healing?
  128. A female client is admitted for a breast biopsy. She says, tearfully to the nurse, “If this turns out to be cancer and I have to have my breast removed, my partner will never come near me.” The nurse’s best response would be which of these statements?
  129. When teaching suicide prevention to the parents of a 15-year-old who recently attempted suicide, the nurse describes the following behavioral cue
  130. The nurse is caring for a 4-year-old admitted after receiving burns to more than 50% of his body. Which laboratory data should be reviewed by the nurse as a priority in the first 24 hours?
  131. The nurse is assigned to care for a client who had a myocardial infarction (MI) 2 days ago. The client has many questions about this condition. What area is a priority for the nurse to discuss at this time?
  132. The nurse is preparing a client with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) for a Venous Doppler evaluation. Which of the following would be necessary for preparing the client for this test?
  133. While interviewing a client, the nurse notices that the client is shifting positions, wringing her hands, and avoiding eye contact. It is important for the nurse to
  134. Which statement made by a client indicates to the nurse that he may have a thought disorder?
  135. The nurse is observing a client with an obsessive-compulsive disorder in an inpatient setting. Which behavior is consistent with this diagnosis?
  136. A young adult seeks treatment in an outpatient mental health center. The client tells the nurse he is a government official being followed by spies. On further questioning, he reveals that his warnings must be heeded to prevent nuclear war. What is the most therapeutic approach by the nurse?
  137. A client is admitted to a psychiatric unit with delusions. What findings can the nurse expect?
  138. A client who is a former actress enters the day room wearing a sheer nightgown, high heels, numerous bracelets, bright red lipstick and heavily rouged cheeks. Which nursing action is the best in response to the client’s attire?
  139. Handshaking is the preferred form of touch or contact used with clients in a psychiatric setting. The rationale behind this limited touch practice is that
  140. A client with paranoid delusions stares at the nurse over a period of several days. The client suddenly walks up to the nurse and shouts “You think you’re so perfect and pure and good.” An appropriate response for the nurse is
  141. An important goal in the development of a therapeutic inpatient milieu is to
  142. The nurse’s primary intervention for a client who is experiencing a panic attack is to
  143. Which intervention best demonstrates the nurse’s sensitivity to a 16-year old’s appropriate need for autonomy?
  144. A client with anorexia is hospitalized on a medical unit due to electrolyte imbalance and cardiac dysrhythmias. Additional assessment findings that the nurse would expect to observe are
  145. A depressed client in an assisted living facility tells the nurse that “life isn’t worth living anymore.” What is the best response to this statement?
  146. A client, recovering from alcoholism, asks the nurse, “What can I do when I start recognizing relapse triggers within myself?” How might the nurse best respond?
  147. A client was admitted to the eating disorder unit with bulimia nervosa. The nurse assessing for a history of complications of this disorder expects
  148. A nurse entering the room of a postpartum mother observes the baby lying at the edge of the bed while the woman sits in a chair. The mother states,” This is not my baby, and I do not want it.” The nurse’s best response is
  149. Which of the following times is a depressed client at the highest risk for attempting suicide?
  150. A man diagnosed with epididymitis 2 days ago calls the nurse at a health clinic to discuss the problem. What information is most important for the nurse to ask about at this time?
  151. A client has had heart failure. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement prior to the initial administration of Digoxin to this client?
  152. A client is admitted with a tentative diagnosis of congestive heart failure. Which of the following assessments would the nurse expect to be consistent with this problem?
  153. A nurse is providing care to a 17-year-old client in the post-operative care unit (PACU) after an emergency appendectomy. Which finding is an early indication that the client is experiencing poor oxygenation?
  154. Which order can be associated with the prevention of atelectasis and pneumonia in a client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  155. A client who was medicated with meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol) 100 mg and hydroxyzine hydrochloride (Vistaril Intramuscular) 50 mg IM for pain related to a fractured lower right leg 1 hour ago reports that the pain is getting worse. The nurse should recognize that the client may be developing which complication?
  156. The nurse is assessing an 8 month-old child with atonic cerebral palsy. Which statement from the mother supports the presence of this problem?
  157. Which statements by the client would indicate to the nurse an understanding of the issues with end-stage renal disease?
  158. The nurse is caring for a client with uncontrolled hypertension. Which findings require priority nursing action?
  159. A 2-year-old child is brought to the emergency department at 2:00 in the afternoon.The mother states: “My child has not had a wet diaper all day.” The nurse finds the child is pale with a heart rate of
  160. What assessment data should the nurse obtain next?