COUN 6215 Week 2 Quiz with Answers (Version 1)


Category: COUN 6215


COUN 6215 Week 2 Quiz

  1. Which of the following statements is most accurate with regard to Piaget’s theory?
  2. Gisela is a 6-year-old Peruvian girl who lives with her family on a farm in a rural village. She often helps her father take produce to a market to sell. She does not know how to read, but she understands the cost of items and can make change without errors. Sophie is a 6-year-old who lives in the US. She is in the 1st grade, is making great progress in learning to read and write, and is gaining skill in computer use. What is the best way to explain the development of these two children?
  3. One epigenetic change that can affect the expression of a gene is methylation, which is
  4. Mrs. Washington is conducting her weekly group counseling session for single young adults. Karen, a lonely young professional woman, talks about feeling abandoned by her boyfriend. The other group members listen patiently and respond empathically. Mrs. Washington reflects Karen’s feeling with concern and sensitivity. What would operant learning theory predict about Karen’s behavior in the next group session?
  5. Bea is the mother of 4-month-old Alex. She has been depressed since Alex’s birth and is frequently withdrawn. Brain research indicates that, in comparison to other infants his age, Alex will have
  6. Which of the following statements is true about the effects of teratogens on the developing fetus?
  7. Infants form multiple attachments, to both mother and father and perhaps to a sibling, grandparent, and so on. Which of the following statements is most consistent with available data on the impact of these attachments?
  8. Which cognitive achievement underlies a baby’s ability to form an attachment to a specific adult, like a parent or other caregiver?
  9. The quality of children’s attachments has been found to affect
  10. Complete the following analogy: geneotype is to phenotype as
  11. The belief that individuals create their own knowledge by interpreting new experiences in the light of past experiences is a fundamental proposition of
  12. A kitten whose eyes are covered during the first months of its life loses the ability to see clearly in ways that would have been possible without the loss of early visual stimulation. This effect remains despite later attempts to remediate the loss. This is an example of which of the following?
  13. A counselor works with Mrs. Jacobs, who has a 1-month-old daughter. Mrs. Jacobs finds her daughter intense, demanding and hard to soothe. Most likely, this is because
  14. Contemporary developmentalists focus on which question concerning nature and nurture?
  15. Counselors who work with young children to enhance their mental health should take an active role in
  16. When clinicians assess a client’s presenting problem(s) in order to plan for treatment, which of the following approaches to diagnosis reflects a developmental viewpoint?
  17. The available data indicate that chronic maternal stress during pregnancy has which of the following effects on the fetus?
  18. When Tamara responds to the crying of her 4-month-old baby, Jessie, she tries to figure out what has caused the baby’s distress (hunger, wet diaper, etc.) while making soothing sounds and holding the baby. Tamara’s actions are Jessie’s developing emotion regulation abilities.
  19. Which of the following is the best example of neuroplasticity?
  20. Models of development which hold that change typically occurs in shifts between periods of relative stability and periods of disequilibrium are called
  21. Sam is at home with his two children, 3-year-old Daria and 6-week-old Keith. Sam is reading a story to Daria when baby Keith wakes up and screams for his bottle. Daria gets very upset when Sam leaves her to tend to the baby. Sam tries to explain to his daughter that her baby brother can’t wait, but Daria continues to insist. Sam is concerned that Daria is not accepting her new baby brother. Based on your understanding of preschoolers cognitive development, what would you tell Sam?
  22. The idea that children’s development is affected by biological factors, and that biological factors are also affected by the environment and experience, is part of
  23. Mrs. Harmon, the mother of 18-month-old Bryce, is concerned that Bryce has not learned to speak very well. He has a limited vocabulary and seems content to point to the things he wants. Mrs. Harmon has read several child development books which indicate that Bryce should be in the stage of language learning. Mrs. Harmon fears that Bryce is not keeping up developmentally. Based on your understanding of the timing of developmental stages, what would be your best advice?
  24. In Bowlby’s attachment theory, which of the following represents a primary outcome of the formation of attachments in infancy?
  25. The epigenome is the full set of factors, from the cell to the outside world that controls the expression of