COUN-6215-25-Lifespan Development-2021-Winter-QTR-Term- wks-1-thru-10
Module 1 Quiz – Week 2
- Ms. Hernandez is working with 4-year-old Peter, who is afraid of the dark. He believes monsters come out at night like he has seen on TV. Ms. Hernandez patiently explains that there are no real monsters, but to no avail. Peter still refuses to go to sleep. What might Piaget propose as the reason for this treatment failure?
- Reflective clinicians often absorb the tenets and techniques associated with major theoretical approaches to counseling and then interpret and organize them in ways that are useful for their own work. This aspect of reflective practice is an example of
- Mrs. Washington is conducting her weekly group counseling session for single young adults. Karen, a lonely young professional woman, talks about feeling abandoned by her boyfriend. The other group members listen patiently and respond empathically. Mrs. Washington reflects Karen’s feeling with concern and sensitivity. What would operant learning theory predict about Karen’s behavior in the next group session?
- The quality of a children’s attachments has been found to affect
- One epigenetic change that can affect the expression of a gene is methylation, which is
- Complete the following analogy: geneotype is to phenotype as
- Based on what you have learned about language development, what advice would you give to new parents who are concerned about their child’s literacy and later success in school?
- Which of the following is an accurate description of the long-term effects of chronic stress on the body?
- The belief that individuals create their own knowledge by interpreting new experience in the light of past experience is a fundamental proposition of
- Gisela is a 6-year-old Peruvian girl who lives with her family on a farm in a rural village. She often helps her father take produce to a market to sell. She does not know how to read, but she understands the cost of items and can make change without errors. Sophie is a 6-year-old who lives in the US. She is in the 1st grade, is making great progress in learning to read and write, and is gaining skill in computer use. What is the best way to explain the development of these two children?
- Using Erikson’s developmental theory as a framework, which of the following statements is an accurate representation of his ideas?
- For most mental illnesses and behavioral disorders, like alcoholism and clinical depression, the genetic contribution can best be described as
- Contemporary developmentalists focus on which question concerning nature and nurture?
- In Bronfenbrenner’s model, proximal processes refer to
- A counselor works with Mrs. Jacobs, who has a 1-month-old daughter. Mrs. Jacobs finds her daughter intense, demanding and hard to soothe. Most likely, this is because
- The idea that children’s development is affected by biological factors, and that biological factors are also affected by the environment and experience, is part of
- When clinicians assess a client’s presenting problem(s) in order to plan for treatment, which of the following approaches to diagnosis reflects a developmental viewpoint?
- Sam is at home with his two children, 3-year-old Daria and 6-week-old Keith. Sam is reading a story to Daria when baby Keith wakes up and screams for his bottle. Daria gets very upset when Sam leaves her to tend to the baby. Sam tries to explain to his daughter that her baby brother can’t wait, but Daria continues to insist. Sam is concerned that Daria is not accepting her new baby brother. Based on your understanding of preschoolers cognitive development, what would you tell Sam?
- The epigenome is the full set of factors, from the cell to the outside world, that controls the expression of
- Which of the following is the best example of neuroplasticity?
- The available data indicate that chronic maternal stress during pregnancy has which of the following effects on the fetus?
- When Tamara responds to the crying of her 4-month-old baby, Jessie, she tries to figure out what has caused the baby’s distress (hunger, wet diaper, etc.) while making soothing sounds and holding the baby. Tamara’s actions are Jessie’s developing emotion regulation abilities.
- In Bowlby’s attachment theory, which of the following represents a primary outcome of the formation of attachments in infancy?
- Since Bryce appears developmentally delayed, he should be referred immediately for a speech and language evaluation.
- Models of development which hold that change typically occurs in shifts between periods of relative stability and periods of disequilibrium are called