COUN 6215 Lifespan Development Week 2 Quiz (Spring 2022)




COUN-6215-16-Lifespan Development-2022-Spring-QTR-Term

Module 1 Quiz – Week 2

25 out of 25 points

  1. The epigenome is the full set of factors, from the cell to the outside world, that controls the expression of
  2. When Tamara responds to the crying of her 4-month-old baby, Jessie, she tries to figure out what has caused the baby’s distress (hunger, wet diaper, etc.) while making soothing sounds and holding the baby. Tamara’s actions are Jessie’s developing emotion regulation abilities.
  3. The available data indicate that chronic maternal stress during pregnancy has one of the following effects on the fetus.
  4. When clinicians assess a client’s presenting problem(s) in order to plan for treatment, which of the following approaches to diagnosis reflects a developmental viewpoint?
  5. Models of development that hold that change typically occurs in shifts between periods of relative stability and periods of disequilibrium are called
  6. Sam is at home with his two children, 3-year-old Daria, and 6-week-old Keith. Sam is reading a story to Daria when baby Keith wakes up and screams for his bottle. Daria gets very upset when Sam leaves her to tend to the baby. Sam tries to explain to his daughter that her baby brother can’t wait, but Daria continues to insist. Sam is concerned that Daria is not accepting her new baby brother. Based on your understanding of preschoolers’ cognitive development, what would you tell Sam?
  7. Mrs. Harmon, the mother of 18-month-old Bryce, is concerned that Bryce has not learned to speak very well. He has a limited vocabulary and seems content to point to the things he wants. Mrs. Harmon has read several child development books which indicate that Bryce should be in the stage of language learning. Mrs. Harmon fears that Bryce is not keeping up developmentally. Based on your understanding of the timing of developmental stages, what would be your best advice?
  8. Which of the following is the best example of neuroplasticity?
  9. The idea that children’s development is affected by biological factors, and that biological factors are also affected by the environment and experience, is part of
  10. In Bowlby’s attachment theory, which of the following represents a primary outcome of the formation of attachments in infancy?
  11. Based on what you have learned about language development, what advice would you give to new parents who are concerned about their child’s literacy and later success in school?
  12. Gisela is a 6-year-old Peruvian girl who lives with her family on a farm in a rural village. She often helps her father take produce to a market to sell. She does not know how to read, but she understands the cost of items and can make change without errors. Sophie is a 6-year-old who lives in the US. She is in the 1st grade, is making great progress in learning to read and write, and is gaining skill in computer use. What is the best way to explain the development of these two children?
  13. Which cognitive achievement underlies a baby’s ability to form an attachment to a specific adult, like a parent or other caregiver?
  14. Mrs. Washington is conducting her weekly group counseling session for single young adults. Karen, a lonely young professional woman, talks about feeling abandoned by her boyfriend. The other group members listen patiently and respond empathically. Mrs. Washington reflects Karen’s feeling with concern and sensitivity. What would operant learning theory predict about Karen’s behavior in the next group session?
  15. Which of the following statements is most accurate with regard to Piaget’s theory?
  16. In Bronfenbrenner’s model, proximal processes refer to
  17. Infants form multiple attachments, to both mother and father and perhaps to a sibling, grandparent, and so on. Which of the following statements is most consistent with available data on the impact of these attachments?
  18. Which of the following is an accurate description of the long-term effects of chronic stress on the body?
  19. The scientific usage of the word theory is best described as
  20. A kitten whose eyes are covered during the first months of its life loses the ability to see clearly in ways that would have been possible without the loss of early visual stimulation. This effect remains despite later attempts to remediate the loss. This is an example of which of the following?
  21. Reflective clinicians often absorb the tenets and techniques associated with major theoretical approaches to counseling and then interpret and organize them in ways that are useful for their own work. This aspect of reflective practice is an example of
  22. Counselors apply multidimensional models most explicitly in their work with clients when they
  23. Vygotsky believed that egocentric or private speech (talking aloud to one’s self) played an important role in cognitive development by
  24. Ms. Hernandez is working with 4-year-old Peter, who is afraid of the dark. He believes monsters come out at night as he has seen on TV. Ms. Hernandez patiently explains that there are no real monsters but to no avail. Peter still refuses to go to sleep. What might Piaget propose as the reason for this treatment failure?
  25. Vygotsky pointed out that children do not independently construct a definition for each word they learn, but rather they learn the meanings that the surrounding culture has ascribed to each word. This central concept in Vygotsky’s theory is called