NURS 6551 Midterm Exam 1 – Posting

  1. How can liver and renal diseases result in abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)?
  2. What is now thought to be the most important causative agent in cervical cancer?
  3. An initial or primary genital herpes infection characteristically lasts about:
  4. Which contraceptive methods have inherent failure rates?
  5. Why do adolescents have the highest risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
  6. Exercise-induced amenorrhea is probably due to the combination of low body fat and decreased secretion of:
  7. What can result from an imbalance in the vaginal flora?
  8. The most effective means of obtaining the history of abuse is to use a communication model that:
  9. What is the most common STI in the United States?
  10. Progestin-only pills (POPs):
  11. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the presence of a disease state:
  12. Which of the following might be a sign of hyperandrogenism?
  13. Surgical abortion represents an option for women who desire termination of pregnancy beyond:
  14. How can weight loss specifically control symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
  15. Why is acknowledging the oppression of women more difficult within Western societies?
  16. How does vaginosis differ from vaginitis?
  17. What area of injury prevention is a focus of the USPSTF’s guidelines for counseling all healthy, asymptomatic women?
  18. What approach does Healthy People 2020 use to achieve its goals and objectives?
  19. Approximately what percentage of women with bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic?
  20. The genetic counselor has a significant role in the care of women because BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic mutations account for 5 to 10 percent of all _ cancer cases.
  21. Which organism causes 90% of vulvovaginal candidiasis episodes in women?
  22. What term refers to the period from about 7 to 10 days before menstrual flow begins until the first or second day of menstrual flow?
  23. The ParaGard IUD is impregnated with copper and is effective for:
  24. What is the danger of giving estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to menopausal women with an intact uterus?
  25. Although barrier contraception methods are less effective in preventing pregnancy than more modern methods, interest in them is on the rise because they:
  26. A risk factor that could lead to endometrial cancer is:
  27. Of the two intrauterine contraceptive devices currently available in the United States only one provides a local delivery of protestin. It is the:
  28. Approximately what percentage of vulvar cancers occur in women older than the age of 50?
  29. What is the best definition of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)?
  30. The most common benign breast masses are:
  31. Which cancer has the highest mortality rate of all gynecological cancers?
  32. Vulvovaginal candidiasis accounts for what percentage of all vaginal infections?
  33. Which type of counseling results in a statistically significant reduction in STIs?
  34. Which of the following is an ethical issue that is specifically associated with pre-implantation testing with ART?
  35. What symptom is present in 80 to 90 percent of women with cervical cancer?
  36. If a patient has not reported a sexual assault to law enforcement, all of the following clinician actions are important except:
  37. What test should be ordered for a woman who is experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) as well as headaches and peripheral vision changes?
  38. What had been a significant problem in medical research well into the 1990s?
  39. What is the definitive diagnostic technique for vulvar dermatoses?
  40. Where in the breast do most malignancies develop?
  41. Approximately how many Americans will contract one or more sexually transmitted infections during their lifetime?
  42. In the GTPAL system for recording pregnancy history, the “T” stands for:
  43. Both very young and elderly sexual assault victims:
  44. What is one of the side effects of hormonal contraceptives?
  45. Tubal sterilization for women who have completed their families is highly effective, but there are disadvantages such as:
  46. What is the current (2006) recommendation by the CDC regarding HIV testing?
  47. What is generally the cause of Bartholin’s cyst?
  48. Which of the following factors associated with increased risk for developing osteoporosis appears to be the best predictor of risk?
  49. What is the definition of primary amenorrhea?
  50. In respect to an evidentiary examination:
  51. Which of the following is a diagnostic label that is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV-TR?
  52. About half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended and occur most frequently in women who:
  53. What is one factor that can reduce the risk for the development of ovarian cancer?
  54. What percentage of toxic shock syndrome cases are related to menses?
  55. Tubal sterilization for women who have completed their families is highly effective, but there are disadvantages such as:
  56. Women who report experiencing the most severe symptoms of PMS tend to be: In their late 40s
  57. What is the definition of primary amenorrhea?
  58. How many stages does the Tanner scale use to stage sexual maturity?
  59. Which contraceptive methods have inherent failure rates?
  60. What is the most common type of menstrual dysfunction related to hyperandrogenism?
  61. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are among the most extensively studied medications available. Which one of the following statements about their use has been found to be true?
  62. Many patients experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) meet the criteria for diagnosing PTSD. Those criteria include all of the following except:
  63. Which of the following is an ethical issue that is specifically associated with pre-implantation testing with ART?
  64. The __ is probably the most widely used intimate partner violence (IPV) screen.
  65. What is the term for the absence of menses for 3 to 6 months in a woman who has previously menstruated and is not pregnant, breastfeeding, or menopausal?
  66. Among women age 55 years and older:
  67. Both very young and elderly sexual assault victims:
  68. What is the major source of normal vaginal secretions?
  69. Which one of the following statements about intimate partner violence (IPV) is false?
  70. How is being overweight defined on the BMI table?
  71. What has contributed to the decreased incidence of hepatitis B over the past 20 years?
  72. Which are the most common forms of hepatitis seen in women’s health practices?
  73. The factors that enable women to enjoy and control their sexual and reproductive lives, including a physical and emotional state of well-being and the quality of sexual and other close relationships, make up a woman’s:
  74. What test should be ordered for a woman who is experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) as well as headaches and peripheral vision changes?
  75. Surgical abortion represents an option for women who desire termination of pregnancy beyond:
  76. What population of women should be screened for signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction?
  77. All of the following diagnostic testing and procedures are now infrequently performed in clinical practice except:
  78. The most common site for endometrial implants found in other parts of the body is:
  79. Women who have had toxic shock syndrome should be instructed not to use tampons or:
  80. Cyclic mastalgia:
  81. The incidence of uterine fibroids:
  82. Patients presenting for STI treatment should be screened for HIV:
  83. What screening recommendation is similar across all groups for colorectal cancer?
  84. Approximately what percentage of vulvar cancers occur in women older than the age of 50?
  85. Signs of endometrial or cervical cancer may present abnormal uterine bleeding, often as heavy, prolonged bleeding or:
  86. In the GTPAL system for recording pregnancy history, the “T” stands for:
  87. What is now thought to be the most important causative agent in cervical cancer?
  88. The most common sites of metastatic spread of invasive breast cancer include all of the following except:
  89. Who should be screened regularly for STIs?
  90. What is a common vasomotor symptom of menopause?
  91. What is the best definition of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)?
  92. What should be the clinician’s first objective after learning the chief reason the woman desires care?
  93. No risk factors other than age are identifiable in __ of women with breast cancer.
  94. The highest prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) is found among women ages:
  95. Although barrier contraception methods are less effective in preventing pregnancy than more modern methods, interest in them is on the rise because they:

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